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Maraming Salamat po sa interest ninyo sa mushroom production, kung kayo po ay may mga katanungan tungkol sa mushroom production sana po ay makatulong ang aming website sa inyo. Maari nyo po kami i add sa aming Facebook account i search nyo lang po ang JMP MUSHROOM at hanapin nyo lang po ang aming logo.

We also have mushroom trainings and we are willing to help yung mga beginners pa lang sa mushroom production industry.

You can email jmpmushroom@yahoo.com for free files, reading materials, modules regarding mushroom cultivation.

Maraming Salamat Po...

Happy Mushroom Farming!


JMP Mushroom Contact Hotline: 0929-3839797



Mushroom Production Seminar


MUSHROOM PRODUCTION SEMINAR
(Hands on and Actual Training)



SEMINAR TRAINING PACKAGE:

  1. Certificate of Attendance
  2. Whole day Seminar
  3. Hands on Training
  4. Actual Demonstration
  5. Lunch and Snacks
  6. Technical Support and Assistance
  7. Hands out / Modules
  8. Marketing Assistance

(FREE) MUSHROOM STARTER KITS

  1. Mushroom Fruiting Bags
  2. Mushroom Inoculated Bags
  3. Mushroom Mother Spawn
  4. Printed Instructions and Guide






COURSE OUTLINE: (Seminar Topics)

I - Introduction to the world of Mushrooms

  • Introduction to our company
  • Biology of Fungi
  • Ecology of Mushroom
  • Different Mushroom Variety
  • How to start Mushroom Production
  • Question and Answer


II - Mushroom Tissue Culture (Mushroom Pure Culture)

  • Culture Media Preparation
  • Sterilization of Culture Media
  • Process of tissue culture (Hands on procedures)
  • Incubation and Maintenance
  • Question and Answer


III - Mushroom Spawn Production (Mushroom Seeds)

  • Kinds of Grain
  • Grain Preparation and Procedures
  • Sterilization of grain
  • Inoculation Process (Hands on procedures)
  • Incubation and Maintenance
  • Question and Answer


IV - Mushroom Substrate (Hands on Training)

  • Different kinds of substrate and their Biological Efficiency (BE)
  • Preparation of different substrate
  • Rice Straw
  • Banana Leaveas
  • Sawdust 
  • Bagging and sterilization process
  • Inoculation and incubation procedures
  • Incubation Area and Growing Houses


V - Mushroom Growing and Harvesting

  • Mushroom growing environment
  • Mushroom pinning (primordia)
  • Mushroom growing maintenance
  • Mushroom maturity
  • Mushroom harvesting
  • Possible insect and diseases
  • Spent Substrate


VI - Business Aspect, Mushroom Marketing and Value Added Product

  • Mushroom marketing
  • Mushroom for value added products
  • Different business aspect for mushroom
  • Sample business startup


VII -  Awarding and Freebies

  • Certificate for Mushroom Production Training
  • Awarding of Mushroom Starter Kits
  • Mushroom Growing Bags
  • Mushroom Spawn
  • Modules and Hands out
  • Instructional Procedures


Note: Please bring usb or flash drive for file sharing.


REGISTRATION FEE: Php. 3,000 pesos



SEMINAR FEE: 

Pay in full 5 days before the seminar and avail our early bird rate of Php 2,500 per head (Regular rate: Php 3,000 per head) which will comprise meals during the training, handouts and all necessary materials.


TERMS ON PAYMENT:
i.    Pay in full 5 days before the seminar and avail our early bird rate of Php 2,500.00 only.
ii.  Payments on the day of the seminar must be on cash basis only.
iii. Walk in participants shall pay the regular rate.
iv.  Upon payment, proof must be forwarded through email, viber or messenger
v.    Proof of payments (original deposit slip) shall be required for presentation on the day of the schedule.


FOR FURTHER INFORMATION 
You may visit our Facebook page www.facebook.com/jmpmushroom
You may also directly call us at 09293839797 or 09475876070 or through our office landline number 02-2720118.
You may also visit our company office at Farmchoice Agribusiness Enterprise, Block 1 Lot 9 Luke street, Del Mundo Village, Llano Caloocan City. Or send us an email through jmpmushroom@yahoo.com
Allow us to be part of your improvement and success.

Happy Mushroom Growing!!!



Oyster Mushroom - Pleurotus Ostreatus

Scientific Name: Pleurotus Ostreatus
Common Name: Oyster mushroom



The prototypic Oyster mushroom, Pleurotus ostreatus has long been a favorite of mushroom hunters, especially in the spring time in lowland, hardwood forests. A prolific producer on a wide array of substrates, strains of this species are plentiful and easy to grow. Enjoying a worldwide reputation, specimens of extraordinary size have been collected from the wild. For instance, in the fall of 1998 near the north coast of Sicily, Salvatore Terracina, a farmer, collected a P. ostreatus nearly 8 ft. in circumference, 20 inches thick, and weighing 42 lbs.! For the prepared and strute cultivator, cloning this monster could have resulted in an extraordinarily productive strain.

Mycelial Characteristics: Whitish, longitudinally radical, soon becoming cottony, and in age forming a thick, tenacious mycelial mat. Aged mycelium often secretes yellowish to orangish droplets of a metabolite which is a toxin to nematodes. This metabolite deserves greater study.

Microscopic Features: This mushroom produces white, to slightly lilac, to lilac grey spores.

Suggested Agar Culture Media: Malt Yeast Peptone Agar (MYPA), Potato Dextrose Yeast Agar (PDYA), Oatmeal Yeast Agar (OMYA), or Dogfood Agar (DFA). Optimal growth seen at pH 5.5-6.5.

Spawn Media: Rye, wheat, milo, sorghum, corn, and millet. Sawdust spawn in not needed for indoor cultivation methods. However, sawdust spawn is ideal in the inoculation of stumps and logs in outdoor settings.

Substrates for Fruiting: A wide array of agricultural and forest waste products can be used, including but not limited: straw (wheat, rye, oat, rice, and barley straw); corn stalks, sugar cane bagasse; coffee pulp; banana waste; cotton waste and cottonseed hulls; hardwood sawdusts; pater by-products; soybean waste; palm oil by-products; agave waste; and even the pulp remaining from tequila production! The pH at make-up can vary between 6.0-8.0 but should fall to an optimum of 5.0 at fruiting for maximum biomass production.

Martinez et al. reported yields of 132% biological efficiency (4 flushes) from coffee pulp that was fermented for 5 days, pasteurized, and inoculated with wheat grain spawn. Further, they found residual caffeine from the spent substrate was reduced by more than 90%. (Caffeine represents a signigicant toxic waste to streams in coffee growing regions of the world). Martinez-Carrera validated the results with yields in excess of 100% biological efficiency in the same substrate adn presented the first model for utilizing this abundant waste product.

Platt published studies on the utility of cotton straw as a substrate for this mushroom. Their yields average 600-700 grams per kilogram of dry cotton straw, in other words 60-70% biological efficiency.

Yield Potentials: 75-200% biological efficiency, greatly affected by teh size of teh fruitbodies harvested, and the number of flushes orchestrated.

---Growth Parameters---

Spawn Run:

Incubation Temperature: 75* F (24* C)
Relative Humidity: 85-95%
Duration: 12-21 days
CO2: 5000-20,000 ppm
Fresh Air Exchanges: 1 per hour
Light Requirements: n/a
Primordia Formation:

Initiation Temperature: 50-60* F (10-15.6* C)
Relative Humidity: 95-100%
Duration: 3-5 days
CO2: <1000 ppm
Fresh Air Exchanges: 4-8 per hour
Light Requirements: 100-1500 lux
Fruitbody Development:

Temperature: 60-70* F (10-21* C)
Relative Humidity: 85-90%
Duration: 4-7 days
CO2: <1000 ppm
Fresh Air Exchanges: 4-8 per hour
Light Requirements: 1000-1500 lux
Cropping Cycle:

3-4 crops, 7-14 days apart, over 45-55 days.
Comments: The Oyster mushrooms are the easiest to grow. Disadvantages of their cultivation are in their short shelf life, post harvest, and the health problems posed by the prolific spore load generated within the confines of the growing room.

Cold and warm weather strains of this mushroom are widely in use. The above described temperatures for initiating P. ostreatus are based on cold weather strains. Strains evolving in warm geographical niches behave more in accordance with the parameters outlined for Pleurotus pulmonarius.

Pleurotus ostreatus is an extraordinarily interesting mushroom from many viewpoints. Highly tolerant and responsive to carbon dioxide levels, Zadrazil noted that mycelial growth peaks at 280,000 ppm or 28% CO2. Unless CO2 levels are reduced to less than 1000 ppm (.01%), noticeable malformations of teh fruitbidies occur: typically long stems and small caps. In fact, the cap-to-stem ratio is an accurate measurement of atmospheric carbon dioxide levels in the growing room and is used as a visual cue by Oyster cultivators for increasing air exchange.

This mushroom species is also super-sensitive to light levels. In low light, a similar effect to that seen under elevated carbon dioxide conditions is induced. When exposed to high light levels, pigmentation of the cap is usually enhanced. Blue strains become bluer. Brown capped strains become a richer brown. Similar results are also seen at lower end temperatures give constant light conditions.

Thorn and Barron first noted that P. ostreatus exudes a metabolite toxic to nematodes. As the nematode lies stunned, the mycelium soon invades through one of its orifices, quickly consuming the internal organs. From an evolutionary viewpoint, this is remarkable that a saprophytic mushroom can become predatory to an animal in its quest for new sources of nitrogen. This may well explain why nematodes have never been reported as a pathogen in Oyster mushroom cultivation whereas their occurrence in the cultivation of the Button Mushroom (Agaricus brunnescens) is economically devastating and commonplace.

(Information taken from Growing Gourmet and Medicinal Mushrooms, Paul Stamets)


Phoenix Oyster - Pleurotus Pulmonarius

Scientific Name: Pleurotus Pulmonarius
Common Name: Phoenix Oyster

Phoenix Oyster

According to studies recently published by Vilgalys, Pleurotus pulmonarius is virtually indistinguishable from P. ostreatus, and differs largely in its habitat preference for conifer woods. In the Western United States, P. pulmonarius is usually found at higher altitudes than P. ostreatus which prefers the lowland, river valleys. P. pulmonarius and P. ostreatus grow on a variety of hardwoods, with P. pulmonarius primarily a spring mushroom and P. ostreatus growing most prevalently in the summer to fall. The North American collections, show a wider range in color than the European collections. P. pulmonarius hosts a large complex of varieties, offering cultivators a rich resource for new strains. Most of these strains fruit in culture.

Mycelial Characteristics: White, linear, becoming cottony, and eventually forming a thick, peelable, mycelial mat. If cultures on agar media or on grain are not transferred in a timely fashion (i.e. within two weeks), the mycelium becomes so dense as to make inoculations cumbersome and messy. Over-incubated cultures can not be cut, even with the sharpest, surgical grade scalpel, but are torn from the surface of the agar media.

Microscopic Features: This mushroom produces white, to yellowish, to lavender grey spores.

Suggested Agar Culture Media: Malt Yeast Peptone Agar (MYPA), Potato Dextrose Yeast Agar (PDYA), Oatmeal Yeast Agar (OMYA), or Dog Food Agar (DFA).

Spawn Media: Grain spawn throughout.

Substrates for Fruiting: Broadly adaptive, producing mushrooms on a great array of organic debris. The substrate materials proven to result in the greatest yields are the cereal (wheat, rice) straws, hardwood sawdusts, corn stalks, sugar cane bagasse, coffee waste, pulp mill sludge, cotton waste, and numerous other agricultural and forest waste by-products. Royse & Bahler found that the addition of 20% alfalfa hay to wheat straw increased yields substantially. In their studies, yields peeked when a combination of wheat straw, alfalfa, and delayed release nutrients were employed. Alfalfa hay, as any compost maker knows, is considered "hot" because of its elevated, nitrogen component. Although yields can be boosted by adding these nitrogenous supplements, the cultivator must balance whether or not this advantage is offset by the likely increase in contamination rates. (As a rule, the likelihood of a competitor molds increases directly as nitrogen levels are elevated.)

Yield Potentials: Biological efficiency 100-200%, greatly affected by the size of the fruitbody at the time of harvest and whether of not a fourth or fifth flush is achieved.

---Growth Parameters---

Spawn Run:

Incubation Temperature: 75-85°F (24-29*C)
Relative Humidity: 90-100%
Duration: 8-14 days
CO2: >5000 ppm
Fresh Air Exchanges: 1 per hour
Light Requirements: n/a
Primordia Formation:

Initiation Temperature: 50-75° (80°) F (10-24° (27°) C)
Relative Humidity: 95-100%
Duration: 3-5 days
CO2: 400-800 ppm
Fresh Air Exchanges: 5-7 per hour
Light Requirements: 1000-1500 lux
Fruitbody Development:

Temperature: 60-80* F (18-27°C)
Relative Humidity: 85-90% (95%)
Duration: 3-5 days
CO2: 400-800 ppm
Fresh Air Exchanges: 5-7 per hour
Light Requirements: 1000-1500 lux
Cropping Cycle:

Every 7-10 days, for 3 flushes.
Comments: This species complex hosts an enormous number of strains. The most popular are the warm weather varieties currently being marketed by spawn manufacturers, often under the name "Pleurotus sajor-caju". This mushroom is more widely cultivated than any other Oyster mushroom in North America and Europe.

Tolerant of high temperatures, renowned for its speed to fruiting and yield efficiencies, many cultivators are initially attracted to this mushroom. However, compared to the many other Oyster-like mushrooms, some hesitate to call it a "gourmet" mushroom. Although high yielding, some do not hold it in high regard for numerous reasons, such as its:

continued growth after harvest.
lack of cluster-bouquet formation.
premature fruiting.
quickness to spoil.
production of high spore loads.
attractiveness to fungus flies.
These may be merely the complaints of a critical connoisseur. Many people use and like this species. P. pulmonarius remains the favorite of many of the largest Oyster growers in the world, especially those located in warmer climatic zones.

Okwujiako found that the vitamin thiamine was critical for growth and fruitbody development in P. pulmonarius. By simply adding yeast extract to the base medium, vitamins essential for enhanced fruitbody production are provided.

(Information taken from Growing Gourmet and Medicinal Mushrooms, Paul Stamets)


King Oyster Mushroom - Pleurotus eryngii

Scientific Name: Pleurotus eryngii
Common Name: King oyster mushroom

King oyster mushroom



Pleurotus eryngii is by far the best tasting Oyster mushroom, well deserving of the title, the King Oyster. Popular in Europe, this stout, thickly fleshed mushroom, is one of the largest species in the genus. Preferring hardwoods, this mushroom is easy to grow. Although this mushroom grows on cereal (wheat) straws, the yields are not as substantial as that of Pleurotus ostreatus and Pleurotus pulmonarius on this same material, at the same rate of spawning, unless supplements are added or a unique spawning method is employed.

Mycelial Characteristics: Whitish, longitudinally radial at first, sometimes rhizomorphic, soon thickening and becoming cottony in age.

Microscopic Features: This mushroom produces white spores.

Suggested Agar Culture Media: Malt Yeast Peptone Agar (MYPA) or Potato Dextrose Yeast Agar (PDYA).

Spawn Media: Rye, wheat, sorghum, milo, or millet.

Substrates for Fruiting: Most hardwoods, wheat straw, and cottonseed hulls or wheat bran support fruitings. Currently most grow this on hardwood fuel pellets with 10-20 % Wheat Bran. This mushroom is not as adaptive as P. pulmonarius and P. ostreatus to a broad range of substrates. Nevertheless, many materials can be used. It seems to perform well on recycled, re-sterilized waste Shiitake substrate. However, it is not recommended for commercial purposes unless the preferred wood type or alternative substrate materials were exceedingly scarce or cost-prohibitive. If cultivation this mushroom on wheat straw, the addition of 5-10% cottonseed meal reportedly has the greatest effect in enhancing yield.

Yield Potentials: 1 lb. or mushrooms per 5 lbs. of sterilized sawdust/chips/bran. Wheat straw fruitings, in some experiences, have tallied approximately 1/2 of that from enriched sawdust. The stage at which the mushrooms are picked significantly affects yield efficiencies.

---Growth Parameters---

Spawn Run:

Incubation Temperature: 75* F (24* C)
Relative Humidity: 90-95%
Duration: 12-16 days
CO2: 5000-20,000 ppm
Fresh Air Exchanges: 1 per hour
Light Requirements: n/a
Primordia Formation:

Initiation Temperature: 50-60* F (10-15* C)
Relative Humidity: 95-100%
Duration: 4-5 days ( allow to pin in the bag before opening)
CO2: 500-1000 ppm
Fresh Air Exchanges: 4-8 per hour
Light Requirements: 500-1000 lux
Fruitbody Development:

Temperature: 60-70* F (15-21* C)
Relative Humidity: 85-90%
Duration: 4-8 days
CO2: <2000 ppm ( Co2 concenteration will greatly affect shape of the mushroom. 2-4 exchanges per day will give fat long stems while higher FAE will give short stems with larger caps)
Fresh Air Exchanges: 4-5 per hour (see above)
Light Requirements: 500-1000 lux
Cropping Cycle:

45 days, two crops, 14 days apart
Comments: The King Oyster's stout form, short gills, and thick flesh, coupled with its pleasing flavor strongly commends this species amongst connoisseur growers and chefs. The short gills mean this mushroom releases comparatively fewer spores per lb. of harvested mushrooms. a significant advantage over the other Oyster species. Gary Lincoff reported that this mushroom received the highest acclamations of any of the mushrooms tasted during a culinary tour of mycophagists sampling the treasured mushrooms of Europe. It seems that this is the only Oyster that ships well over long distances and has an extended shelf life.

Although a casing layer has been recommended by other cultivators, some have found its application to be unnecessary. For great fruitings of Pleurotus eryngii, both in terms of yields and quality, some use, 20% bran-enriched alder sawdust. Three weeks after inoculation with grain spawn, the fully colonized bags of sterilized sawdust/chips/bran are brought into the growing room. The top of the bags are horizontally sliced open, resulting in a 3-4 inch plastic wall around and above the surface plane of the mycelium. In effect, these side walls protect the supersensitive aerial mycelium from sudden dehydration. Condensation is promoted. Coupled with a descending fog environment within the growing room, the perfect micro climate for primordia formation is provided.

Zadrazil showed mycelial growth peaked when carbon dioxide levels approached 220,000 ppm or 22%. The stimulatory effect of CO2 on mycelial growth allows this mushroom to grow under conditions which would be stifling for most other mushrooms and lifeforms. Optimum pH levels at the time of spawning should be between 7.5-8.5. On wheat straw, the pH naturally declines to a range of 5.5-6.5, a range ideal for fruiting.

(Information taken from Growing Gourmet and Medicinal Mushrooms, Paul Stamets)


Pink Oyster Mushroom - Pleurotus djamor

Scientific Name: Pleurotus djamor
Common Name: Pink Oyster, Pink flamingos

Pink oyster mushroom

This species encompasses a complex of brilliantly pink Oyster mushrooms. The pink Oyster varieties are the most common occurring wild Pleurotus in pan-tropical climatic zones of the world. Known for its speed to fruiting, ability to flourish on a wide variety of base materials, and high temperature tolerance, this species is so aggressive as to colonize unpasteurized bulk substrates before competitors can flourish. When growing this mushroom en masse, albino clusters sometimes form.

Mycelial Characteristics: White at first, casting a longitudinally linear mycelium, often over-run with long, diverging rhizomorphs, eventually cottony with maturity, and aerial. Most strains soon develop strong pinkish tones, especially as the mycelium matures, at and around the sites of primordia formation. Flaming pink primordia often form as cluster colonies along the inside periphery of the petri dish and/or around the site of inoculation. As grain (rye) matures, pink rhizomorphs and mycelia can predominate. A milky gray metabolic exudate collects at the bottom of the incubation containers.

Microscopic Features: From the same fruiting pink spores are collected from pink mushrooms, and light beige spores from mushrooms that were originally pink but faded to cream beige.

Suggested Agar Culture Media: Malt Yeast Peptone Agar (MYPA), Potato Dextrose Yeast Agar (PDYA), Oatmeal Yeast Agar (OMYA), or Dog Food Agar (DFA)

Spawn Media: Grain spawn for all three generations.

Substrates for Fruiting: Hardwood sawdust, cereal straw, corn waste, coffee residue, cotton waste, banana fronds, palm debris, and sugar cane bagasse. One formula employed be Brazilian growers calls for the proportionate mixing of 100 lbs. sugar cane/ 8 lbs. rice bran/ 3 lbs. rice straw/ 2 lbs calcium carbonate. The mixture is mixed, wetted, and pasteurized at 140* F for 2-4 hours. Bano et al. found that this mushroom (as "P. flabellatus") gave the highest yields when cotton seed powder was added at 132 g. per kg. or dry wheat straw. The total mass of the mushrooms grown was 85% over the yields from unsupplemented wheat straw. Interestingly, the protein content of the dried mushrooms also rose to 38%. 

Royse and Zaki found that the dual addition of the commercially available supplements Spawn Mate II and Fast Break at a combined rate of 168 g. per kg. of wheat straw substantially enhanced yields of "P. flabellatus". In these tests, biological efficiency increased from 22% to 77% in a 28 day harvest period. It is suspected that the yields of other Oyster species would be similarly improved.

Yield Potentials: Given good crop management, biological efficiency rated at 75-150%, largely dependent on the age of the fruibody at harvest. Some strains of this species are equally as productive, in terms of biological efficiency, as the most vigorous strains of P. pulmonarous and P. ostreatus.

---Growth Parameters---

Spawn Run:

Incubation Temperature: 75-85* F (24-30* C)
Relative Humidity: 95-100%
Duration: 7-10 days CO2: >5000 ppm
Fresh Air Exchanges: 0-1 per hour
Light Requirements: n/a

Primordia Formation:
Initiation Temperature: 65-75* F (18-25* C)
Relative Humidity: 95-100%
Duration: 2-4 days
CO2: 500-1000 ppm
Fresh Air Exchanges: 5-8 per hour
Light Requirements: 750-1500 lux

Fruitbody Development:
Temperature: 70-85* F (20-30* C)
Relative Humidity: 85_90%
Duration: 3-5 days
CO2: 500-1500 ppm
Fresh Air Exchanges: 5-8 per hour
Light Requirements: 750-1500 lux

Cropping Cycle:
2 crops, 7-10 days apart

Comments: This complex of Pink Oyster Mushrooms hosts some of the fastest growing stains of mushrooms in the Genus Pleurotus. For those with limited access to pasteurization equipment, and living in a warm climate, strains of P. djamor uniquely fulfill a critical need. Its speed of colonization, short but productive fruiting cycle, and adaptability to diverse substrate materials, make this species affordable to many cultivators, especially those in developing countries. 

Zadrazil noted that this mushroom (as :P fabellatus") and Stropharia rugoso-annulata proved to be the best at rendering straw, after fruiting, into a nutritious feed staple for ruminants, especially cattle.

(Information taken from Growing Gourmet and Medicinal Mushrooms, Paul Stamets)


JMP Mushroom Gallery